: The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) of 1996, enforced by the Office of Civil Rights, protects the privacy of individually identifiable health information. This also includes the HIPAA
Security Rule, which sets standards for the security of electronic health information.
The Affordable Care Act
of 2010 adapted HIPAA to also include: 1. Operating rules for each of the HIPAA covered transactions; 2. A unique Health Plan Identifier (HPID); 3. Operating rules for electronic funds transfer and electronic remittance advice.