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CMS Finalizes 2018 Meaningful Use Requirement Flexibilities

Revisions include a 90-day reporting period, exceptions for decertified EHR technology, and acceptable versions of certified EHR technology.

CMS revises 2018 meaningful use requirements

Source: Public Domain

By Kyle Murphy, PhD

- As part of a final rule for hospital inpatient reimbursement for 2018, CMS has also finalized a host of revision to the meaningful use requirements for eligible providers participating in the EHR Incentive Programs next year.

Chief among the revisions is the reduction of the EHR reporting period next year to 90 days for “new and returning participants attesting to CMS or their Stage Medicaid agency,” states the final rule to be published on August 14. The revised reporting period must comprise a continuous 90 days between Jan. 1, 2018 and Dec. 31, 2018.

According to the final rule, the motivation for finalizing revisions to meaningful use requirements in 2018 is “to continue advanced of certified EHR technology utilization, focusing on interoperability and data sharing.”

Many of the other finalized changes owe much to mandates included in the 21st Century Cures Act, such as an exception for Medicare payments adjustments for eligible professionals and hospitals affected by EHR decertification. For those providers unable to satisfy meaningful use requirements because their certified EHR technology is now or becomes decertify, they will be able to avoid meaningful use penalties (but also miss out on EHR incentives). EPs will have until Oct. 1, 2017 to submit their applications; hospitals, July 1, 2017 — barring further changes made by CMS.

Additionally, EPs who provide “substantially all” of their services in ambulatory surgical centers (ASC) will avoid Medicare payment adjustments in 2017 and 2018:

We proposed to define an ASC-based EP under § 495.4 as an EP who furnishes 75 percent or more (or alternatively, 90 percent or more) of his or her covered professional services in sites of service identified by the codes used in the HIPAA standard transaction as an ASC setting in the calendar year that is two years before the payment adjustment year. In addition, we proposed to use Place of Service (POS) Code 24 to identify services furnished in an ASC and requested public comment on whether other POS codes or mechanisms should be used to identify sites of service in addition to or in lieu of POS code 24. For the reasons discussed in section IX.G.4. of the preamble of this final rule, we are finalizing the definition of an ASC-based EP as an EP who furnishes 75 percent or more of his or her covered professional services in sites of service identified by POS 24.

As for the type of CEHRT required for meaningful use attestation, CMS has finalized a policy that allows eligible professionals to use 2014 Edition, 2015 Edition, of a combination of the two for the purposes of EHR reporting in 2018.

That being said, the federal agency determined that calls to revise meaningful use objectives and measures, meaningful use audits, the Merit-Based Incentive Payment System (MIPS), and CEHRT grant funding were beyond the scope of the final rule and therefore not met.

The federal agency faced considerable pushback from industry groups advocating for significant change to the EHR Incentive Programs. Last month, the American Hospital Association (AHA) called for the cancellation of Stage 3 Meaningful Use, which is set to begin in 2018. The association claimed that the phase’s meaningful use requirements were overly burdensome.

“These excessive requirements are set to become even more onerous when Stage 3 begins in 2018,” AHA stated in a letter to CMS. “They also will raise costs by forcing hospitals to spend large sums upgrading their EHRs solely for the purpose of meeting regulatory requirements.

Based on this final rule, the EHR Incentive Programs will carry on as planned.

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