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Health Data Exchange Vital to Quality Care at Lower Cost

Improved health IT infrastructure in the form of efficient health data exchange is one of four priorities identified by a national initiative.

By Kyle Murphy, PhD

- Health information technology, particularly capabilities tied to health data exchange, has an important role to play in the federal government’s push to improve the cost and quality American healthcare.

Recently, the National Academy of Medicine’s Vital Directions for Health and Health Care Initiative published four policy priorities for the current administration and healthcare leaders to address in order to achieve better health at a lower cost:

The list of four priorities, which are complemented by recommended policy reforms, is the product of an NAM initiative which convened a steering committee of health, healthcare, science, and policy leaders that oversaw a review of nineteen issues areas and discussion papers analyzed by more than 150 subject-matter experts.

While aspects of health IT infrastructure contributed to various policy priorities, it featured most prominently in the fourth and final — connecting care.

“Health information technology (HIT) has had tremendous impact on health care, driving greater accountability and value, enhanced public engagement and purpose, improved public health surveillance, and more rapid development and diffusion of new therapies,” states the Vital Directions for Health and Health Care discussion paper.

“Yet critical challenges remain, including the ability of providers to amass and share electronic health record (EHR) data for individual patients longitudinally, which is essential to harnessing the economic and clinical benefits of EHRs,” the paper continued. “Despite the rapid advancement and broadening technical capacity of digital technology for health, digital interoperability — the extent to which systems can share and make use of data — remains extraordinarily limited.”

The paper detail several adverse effects of limited information sharing ranging from impediments to care coordination and threats to patient safety to high end-user costs and health IT-related physician stress.

The NAM initiative recognized as a priority the integration of health IT infrastructure to promote efficient health data exchange:

On the subject policy reforms in this area, the paper identifies three.

The first focuses on the accessibility and use of clinical data:

The second calls for principles and standards to advance healthcare interoperability:

The third and final centers on promoting strategies for the continuous improvement of health IT infrastructure:

As for examples of policy initiatives drawn from the review of discussion papers, the NAM initiative includes efforts on the part of HHS to use a combination of regulatory and reimbursement mechanisms to promote interoperability; the development of a national patient identifier for the purpose of effective patient matching; and requirements for EHR use as a condition of participation in federal healthcare programs.

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